Significance of Utilizing Enzymes in Solid Waste Management

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How Do Enzymes Minimize or Avoid Wastage?

Enzymes work effectively to break down any type of complex waste materials that bacteria tend to consume easily. These smaller particles and organic wastes become food for bacteria to digest and break down into basic compounds – carbon dioxide and water. The main objective of solid waste treatment is to treat the effluent before it’s discharged so that the environment is not polluted.

Aqua enzymes can be beneficial for reducing any kind of sludge volume and remove bad odours. Bacterial oxidation of the liquid phase gets completed faster and the septic tank enzymes help in planning the routine waste more effectively. Besides the odour removal in the fish tank these wastewater treatment enzymes also help in balancing the water treatment system. The aerobic bacteria feed on the waste water’s organic matter converting it into carbon dioxide and biomass which can be easily removed. Then comes the role of aqua probiotics which aid in increased disease resistance, growth of aquatic organisms as well as feed efficiency. The shrimp probiotics increase the immune system and improving survival. These balanced enzymes clean the water by producing peptides that affect the fish, shrimps, and other aquatic species. The Chelated mineral mixture and probiotics also increase the survival rates as well as the feed rates which contribute towards increased yield and profit in aquaculture shrimp production.

Enzymes & Microbial Cultures for Solid Waste Management

Decomposing Culture – Another Aspect of Solid Waste Management

Decomposing culture is yet another aspect of solid waste management where organic material is vital for maintaining soil fertility. The time of decomposition gets shortened by the addition of certain microorganisms like bacillus and Trichoderma and provides a suitable environment for the microbial population which improves the physio-chemical properties of the soil. These enzymes also aid in terrace gardening kits where they increase the plant’s ability to assimilate nutrients from the soil and enriching the soil micro-flora. The compost decreases the pathogens and acts as an organic fertilizer. Similarly, lactic bacteria are used in the production of silage which is fed to animals like cows and sheep. This solid waste management technique ensures that the animal feed is a fermentation of grass or corn with the bacteria added to them to preserve the nutrients in the feed. The multi enzymes can be of great use in the cattle feed industry and be a milk booster.

Role of Fermentation Enzymes

Modern distillery enzymes are most used in the present-day generation where they are put to use for molasses fermentation. The fermentation enzymes help in the reduction of yeast and reduce anti-foaming agents. These are organic inputs for the sugar industry and a proven powder and enzyme complex. The supplementation of macro and micronutrients fosters consistent trend improvement. All these solid waste management techniques foster more organic food for animal health manufacturers as well as human mankind. For example, the trend of chemical-free jaggery has increased because it is naturally processed using the ladies finger extract. Dextranase enzyme is used in the sugarcane industry to increase the viscosity of the flow of the sugar.

Chemical Free Jaggery

Various Other Bacterias for Solid Waste Management

A lot of bacterial cultures have helped in solid waste management as well as environmental protection. Another bacteria called the Rhodococcus helps to convert cheap material into valuable compounds and metabolize harmful environmental pollutants. The potassium solubilizing bacteria (KSB) has its role in agriculture and plant growth promotion. They increase grain yields and their similar varieties include KMB (Kisan mobilizing bacteria) and the VAM. This biofertilizer and growth promoter is a root inducer and increases soil uptake. When it comes to water treatment Nitrosomonas are used in aerobic wastewater management. They reduce the nitrogen and ammonia content and reduce groundwater contamination. Few industries benefit from the use of this bacterial culture. Acetobacter is another example where vinegar is produced by converting ethanol in wine to acetic acid. Acetic acid is used for the manufacturing of rayon, plastics, and rubber. In the textile industries, even the use of colour removing enzymes is very prominent. In food industries, biocides are widely used as disinfectants and food preservatives. They control the microbial growth in food and drinks.

Solid waste management leads to a conservation of the environment. Utilising enzymes to break down and solubilise organic wastes before releasing them directly to the environment is essential. They are instrumental to monitor environmental pollution, treat wastewater, solid waste, and soils. Overall, it a more practical low-cost alternative.

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