The Need of Enzymes and Probiotics for Betterment of Animal Health
The increase in demand for animal products due to the increasing population has been an ongoing challenge for the animal production sector worldwide. Over the decades, tremendous progress has been achieved due to improvements in genetic selection, health status, and the use of enzymes and probiotics. In intensive production systems, the nutritional requirements of livestock can be met through the supplementation of nutrients in concentrated forms so that they can produce large quantities of products. Micronutrients have a very important role to play in sustaining better animal growth and development and also improving their overall health. Micronutrients are essential elements needed by animal life in small quantities and their deficiencies could lead to restricted growth in animal productivity. Secondary nutrients are required by them in much larger quantities than micronutrients.
A few categories of formulations are-
Dog Nutrient Supplements
Probiotic digestive enzymes are essential to break down food into a more digestible form so that nutrients are absorbed easily. The Dog nutrient supplements are particularly useful for dogs who experience frequent digestive upset problems. They help to prevent excessive shed, bloat, lethargy, and flatulence.
Swine Aqua And Poultry Enzymes
Probiotics and enzymes help the nutritional value inherent in the feed become accessible to the animal. The benefits of such enzymes and probiotics for poultry prevent the spread and growth of pathogens. Farmers benefit as the enzymes increase the thickness of the eggs and efficient assimilation and absorption of nutrients are enabled. Besides the viability of the feed gets better resulting ineffective management of expenses. The gut probiotics lead to improved health of animals while also increasing their productivity.
Swine feeding programs also suggest the use of enzymes in swine diets to increase nutrient digestibility. Enzymes for pigs are essential as pigs cannot completely break down all the components in their diet. Specific enzymes can be added to the feed to help break down complex carbohydrates, protein, and phytate.
Similarly, aquaculture management makes use of concentrated formulas of the probiotic and organic waste digesting microbes in fresh and saltwater for the rearing of aquaculture as well as shrimp and fish production. The aqua enzymes improve the water quality and improve the feed conversion which can provide efficiency as well as reduce costs. The aqua gut probiotics provide growth consistency and stress tolerance improving the survival of fish, shellfish, and shrimps. Also, these enzymes increase survival in cage culture systems. Cage culture is an aqua production system where fishes are held in floating net pens. The chelated nutrients and probiotics reinforce their body’s natural mechanism to increase their survival rate.
Microbial cultures for wastewater treatment have gained much significance. The septic tank enzyme-producing bacteria are completely capable of degrading faecal matter. These pond cleaning bacteria break down existing sludge and any organic blockages. In wastewater plant management, ammonia-removing bacteria also plays a pivotal role to reduce slime bulking. Also, the NR SOB bacteria (nitrate-reducing – sulphide oxidizing bacteria) is used for the removal of any dissolved sulphide. The self-healing concrete bacteria another concept that uses concrete composite with the ability to repair any cracks automatically without human intervention. Specially used bacteria along with calcium-based enzymes are added to the ingredients of the concrete.
Probiotics for Cattle
These enzymes and probiotics can drastically improve the fat and protein content of milk by increasing the assimilation of nutrients taken by the cattle. It boosts the overall immunity of the cattle and also the saleable meat along with the milk yield cattle provide. The growth promoter bacteria are used in animal feed and can even kill infectious diseases in animals. These include probiotics, also called the new generation biotech drugs which are developed from yeast or the lactic acid bacteria. These are available in all commercial strains which include individually in various strengths and also in combination.
Animal health and feeds need enzymes to break down any food molecules to provide the energy and nutrients they need to survive. The benefits they provide are –
- Reducing the growth of potentially pathogenic bacteria
- Reduce any gut viscosity which enhances nutrient absorption
- Reduction of bacterial proliferation
Undoubtedly, the addition of enzymes and probiotics in animal feed contributes towards a reduction in feed cost, safeguarding animal health and bringing higher profitability for farmers.